Education FCCP: Summary Specific FCCP logistics

The summary consists of:

  • WP T1 Deliverable 1.1 Structure analysis of Participating Cities
  • WP T1 Deliverable 1.2 Requirements of parcel service providers regarding Micro Depots
  • WP T1 Deliverable 1.3 Requirements of online retailers
  • WP T1 Deliverable 1.4 Overview of the legal frameworks in the participating cities
  • WP T1 Deliverable 1.5 Modelling framework for last-mile distribution networks
  • WP T1 Deliverable 5.1 Identification of at least five further application fields for FCCPs
  • WP T1 Deliverable 6.1 Report to recommendations and guidelines for public policies

WP T1 Deliverable 1.1 Structure Analysis of Participating Cities

This document analyzes the infrastructures and strategic documents (and plans) of FCCP’s partner cities and the pilot cities where the last mile logistics service provider Velocarrier will run its pilots. The analysis shall investigate the ecosystems for cargo bikes propelled by hydrogen. The analysis includes existing physical bicycle infrastructure, cargo bikes being mentioned in sustainable urban mobility plan, strategic hydrogen infrastructure development plan, and the cities’ engagement setting up micro depots for last mile logistics with emission free vehicles.

WP T1 Deliverable 1.2 Requirements of Parcel Service Providers regarding Micro Depots

Deliverable 1.2 (work package T1, Activity 1) depicts mainly the requirements of parcel service providers regarding the installation of micro depots. Micro depots are a prerequisite to enable parcel service providers the use of cargo pedelecs for the distribution of parcels for last mile delivery. One important aspect of inner urban micro depots is that different service providers can share the facilities in order to use the allocated space as efficient as possible. While at current state every service provider requires its own space for handling and storing parcels, facilities like kitchen, bathrooms, common areas for the workers and delivery area for trucks on the real estate can and should be shared amongst the different companies.

The content of this deliverable is based on the input of the projects partners Dynamic Parcel Delivery (DPD) and velocarrier (vc) which are both parcel service providers. DPD is a provider with a worldwide network offering a broad portfolio of parcel services while vc is specialized for last mile cargo bike deliveries.

The document embraces the requirements of the layout of the depot as well as the features such a shared depot should provide

WP T1 Deliverable 1.3 Requirements of online retailers

For the design of a tailored logistics concept which exploits the performance of the fuel cell cargo pedelec (FCCP) the knowledge of the requirements of online retailers is essential. This document depicts the requirements for cargo cycle use for last mile deliveries and investigates new forms of shipping services as same day delivery, instant delivery and time slot delivery.

The information in this document is compiled by literature review of scientific papers in this area and an interview with ZALANDO Berlin, which is an associated project partner to the FCCP project. After a preparation talk with Zalando it turned out, that for the majority of the deliveries (which are conducted by the big Logistics Service Providers) FCCP is not suitable. Hence, the interview was conducted with Zalando Premium Logistics. This business unit is responsible for after hour deliveries between 7 pm and 9 pm which is a delivery option for which the customer has to pay an extra fee.

The results depict, that FCCP may be a viable solution for this kind of service. The storage capacity may suffice; the trip length is suitable for the use of FCCP. The required use of hubs is already in use. The special requirement for the LSP to provide a cabin temperature between 17 and 26°C is a challenge, which has to be considered when designing the cargo bike itself. In the end this requirement can be a facilitator for hydrogen systems since battery electric cargo cycles will not be able to provide sufficient energy for propulsion and heating/cooling the cabin.

WP T1 Deliverable 1.4 Overview of the legal frameworks in the participating cities

In as much as logistics affects the everyday life of the average individual it is important that the industry is well regulated to ensure productivity and sustainability both economically and also preservation of the environment. In line with this four of the project areas under the FCCP project are assessed for the levels of regulatory framework that governs the logistics industry in Deliverable 1.4. Specifically Stuttgart, Groningen, Issy-les-moulineaux and Aberdeen are considered in the light of Loading and unloading areas for logistics, delivery times in pedestrian precincts, enforcement of access restrictions and a discussion on alternative delivery concepts in these four cities.

The existing legal framework in the four cities are discussed to share across project areas the respective approaches so that some learnings could be achieved from respective cities to guide in formulating appropriate regulatory framework for sustainable urban logistics implementation. Other cities which are not directly part of the FCCP project could also learn from the approaches from the cities in this document to inform how they plan their logistics industry by way of a guiding legal framework.

The FCCP project involves directly five city authorities, i.e. Aberdeen, De Hague, Groningen, Stuttgart, and Issy les Molineaux. In four cities test pilots with parcel logistics service providers testing fuel cell cargo pedelecs (FCCP) are realized, i.e. Munich, Cologne, Stuttgart and Luxemburg. A summary of the key legal framework findings and takeaways are finally presented at the end of the document.

WP T1 Deliverable 1.5 Modelling framework for last-mile distribution networks

This deliverable was aimed at developing an optimization framework for last-mile distribution networks which includes the use the Fuel Cell Cargo Pedelec (FCCP). Within this work, the logistics concept selected is the two-echelon urban logistics networks which include an intermediate depot (micro-depots) between the distribution centre and the delivery point. Based a literature review conducted regarding the recent optimization approaches, an approximation route cost estimation. The mathematical optimisation model was implemented in python with the garobi optimiser. QGIS was also used to process the application data.

To validate the optimization model, demand data provided by DPD for the City centre of Stuttgart was used. Due to lack of certain information, some hypotheses were formulated, mainly regarding the characteristics of facilities and vehicles.

WP T1 Deliverable 5.1 Identification of at least five further application fields for FCCPs

The main application field for Fuel Cell Cargo Pedelecs (FCCP) was identified within the courier, express and parcel delivery sector (CEP). But, FCCP is a versatile vehicle which can be applied to multiple applications. This document figures out five further applications where FCCP may bring added value in comparison to conventional battery electric cargo pedelecs. The focus will be on the best match between performance characteristic of FCCPs and requirements of the corresponding application. Especially the fact that the increase of energy storage doesn’t go proportionally with the weight like battery technology the fuel cell system brings extreme advantages. For instance, mobile cooking stands can be supplied with electricity through hydrogen all day long – clean and quiet. Nowadays, a petrol generator is generally needed which is noisy and emits harmful tailpipe emissions.

The applications which are presented in this document were identified by an internet research on cargo bike projects, companies using cargo bikes and expertise from the FCCP consortium.

The five presented application fields have in common that a high amount of energy is needed – whether for the transport of heavy cargo, for long hauls or for stationary permanent energy supply. The battery technology would fail in all cases do to the weight of the battery packs that would be needed.

This document describes five further application fields beyond parcel deliveries, i.e.:

  • Medical services,
  • Cargo sales bikes/ mobile vending stands,
  • Public service,
  • Grocery delivery/ Delivery of prepared meals ,
  • Mechanical and other services.

WP T1 Deliverable 6.1 Report to recommendations and guidelines for public policies

Will be added later (2023)